Dr. Michael H. Connor recommends that women be especially aware of their periodontal health, as there are many hormonal changes that occur throughout a woman’s life. Hormone fluctuations occur during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause, and these fluctuations can affect tissue throughout the body. It is during these times that the chance for periodontal disease may increase. Contact Orlando Periodontics & Implants for more information on this important mouth-body connection.


Puberty in general results in an increased production of sex hormones. These levitated chemical messengers increase gum sensitivity and can cause greater irritation from plaque and food particles. The gums can become swollen, turn red, and feel tender.


Bleeding of the gums, bright red swelling between the teeth and gum, or sores on the inside of the cheek may occur several days before menstruation. These symptoms should lessen once the period has begun.


Periodontal health practices should be part of your prenatal care, as your teeth and gums are affected during pregnancy. Your body can be drained of nutrients during this time as it focuses on how its resources affect the health of your baby. You will be at a higher risk for periodontal disease after pregnancy as your body struggles to balance its hormones all over again.

Oral Contraceptives

These synthetic hormones may cause swelling, bleeding, and tenderness of the gums. Please make sure to mention any use of oral contraceptives during medical or dental treatment, as this affects the risk of drug interactions, such as with antibiotics.


General changes to the look and feel of your mouth may occur during menopause or post-menopause stages. Careful, proper, at-home oral hygiene and professional cleanings should relieve any symptoms.